ICROFS International Centre for Research in Organic Food systems
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ICROFS Research

The European Union supports organic research in Europe.



The main idea of CORE organic is to coordinate research programmes between the 21 partner countries.


TP Organics

TP Organics is a European technology platform fororganic food and farming research. Read more...


The EU research project SOLID on Sustainable Organic and Low Input Dairying runs from 2011-2016. Read more...


The EU project, VOA3R, is aimed at sharing scientific and scholarly research related to agriculture, food, and environment. Read more...



ICROFS Research

Danish R&D


Organic RDD 2
The danish Organic Research, Development and Demonstration Programme, RDD 2, runs from 2014-2018.


Organic RDD
The Danish Organic Research, Developmnent and Demonstration Programme, ran from 2011-2013.

The research programme DARCOF III ran in 2006- 2010 and consisted of 15 individual projects.



Cow - ICROFS International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems


DARCOF III project

Biomass and bioenergy production
in organic agriculture


Project background

Project leaflet (dk)

Project leaflet (uk)

- to develop new methods and processes for co-production of bioethanol, biogas and fodder based on local feedstock from organic agriculture. We design a farming system with cattle and crop production on 1000 ha of organically managed land including a bioenergy plant.


We evaluate the sustainability of this system in relation to production of fodder and feedstock for bioenergy, its soil fertility and quality as well as its emission of green house gasses; we apply also a farm- and socio-economic perspective. In addition, we design and test the new growing concept, stripe-cropping.


Preliminary results

Bioenergy potential of biomass from stripe-cropping is assessed by means of

i) biogas reactors being optimized for the best combination of manure and energy crops and

ii) different pretreatments of biomass to optimize ethanol production.

Co-production of bio-ethanol and fodder from sprouting wheat grains and whey is tested and shows promising potentials.

A biorefinery for production of biogas, bioethanol and fodder based on biomass from 1000 ha is developed and analysis of energy and material flows as well as socio-economic aspects has been started.

Field trials show that:
1) the stripe-cropping concept with stripes of perennial clover/grass mixtures as well as winter rye/winter vetch mixtures or maize as annual energy crops work well,

2) soil application of biogas residues do not decrease the functional microbial diversity in the short run and the residues are degraded less quickly than the non treated manure and mixture of clover/grass when applied in the same way,

3) soil application of biogas residues reduces the green house gas benefit of growing maize for bioenergy production by up to 70% according to preliminary calculations.

Different models for nutrient, carbon and energy flows are being developed using the experimental data obtained to be able to recommend sustainable ways of using local feedstock for bioenergy production.

More about preliminary results


More information


Project website...

Project publications...


Project leader

Hanne Østergaard,
Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Biosystems Division

Technical University of Denmark Frederiksborgvej 399, Building 301, room
4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Phone: +45 4677 4111

E-mail: haqs@risoe.dtu.dk

ICROFS Research

EU research

Within the last years the European Union has financed a growing numberof research projects in organic food and farming.


Link to the Danish Research School for Organic Agriculture and Food Systems (SOAR).



ICROFS Publications

ICROFS newsletters
ICROFS news is published app. four times annually



Knowledge syntheses

Find information about ICROFS' knowledge syntheses.



Former DARCOF news
Former DARCOF news, prior to 2009.



Books and reports

Most former books and reports are issues in Danish, but publications in English can also be found here.






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